Unit 10: Contemporary World History

There will be information about the Prague Spring of 1968 and the Velvet Revolution of 1989 in Czechoslovakia. This is the video that will help.

The de-clonization and increased globalization had far reaching social, political and economic effects on entire world. This Unit will examine the end of the 20th century and dawn of the 21st century through the lens of exponential growth in the areas of climate change, globalized economies and technological advancements.

 

How did de-colonization from the Belgian Congo and the genocide in Rwanda create a central African War that still rages today?  It is complex, but this Crash Course video helps.


The Democratic Republic of the Congo, which used to be Zaire, which used to be The Belgian Congo, which used to be the Congo Free State, which used to be the region surrounding the Congo River Basin in central Africa. So the history of this place is a little convoluted. The history of Congo is central to the history of central Africa, and the Congo Wars embroiled neighboring countries like Uganda and Rwanda.

 

From April to July 1994, members of the Hutu ethnic majority in the east-central African nation of Rwanda murdered as many as 800,000 people, mostly of the Tutsi minority. Begun by extreme Hutu nationalists in the capital of Kigali, the genocide spread throughout the country with staggering speed and brutality, as ordinary citizens were incited by local officials and the Hutu Power government to take up arms against their neighbors. By the time the Tutsi-led Rwandese Patriotic Front gained control of the country through a military offensive in early July, hundreds of thousands of Rwandans were dead and many more displaced from their homes. The RPF victory created 2 million more refugees (mainly Hutus) from Rwanda, exacerbating what had already become a full-blown humanitarian crisis.


Rwanda Notes:     Page 1            Page 2            Page 3

Besides the destruction of central Africa, we will analyze the end of the Cold War and its effects in Yugoslavia, the creation of the Taliban in Afghanistan and the global war on terror as an effect of failed Palestinian nationalism. 

Here is the Unit 10 Study Guide!  

Complete this on your own time and prepare for our Unit 10 Test!